Observer Design for Electronic Suspension Applications

J. K. Hedrick, R. Rajamani, K. Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a new methodology for designing observers for automotive suspensions. Automotive suspensions are disturbance-affected dynamic systems. Semi-active suspensions are bilinear while active suspensions with hydraulic actuators are nonlinear. The proposed methodology guarantees exponentially convergent state estimation for both these systems. It uses easily accessible and inexpensive measurements. The fact that sprung mass absolute velocity of the suspension cannot be estimated in an exponentially stable manner with such measurements is also demonstrated. Controllers using estimated states are implemented experimentally on the Berkeley Active Suspension Test Rig. Experimental results for two cases are presented: use of observer states to improve ride quality in an active suspension and use of observer states to reduce dynamic tire loading in a semi-active heavy vehicle suspension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-440
Number of pages28
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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