Occupational radiation exposure and deaths from malignant intracranial neoplasms of the brain and CNS in U.S. Radiologic Technologists, 1983-2012

Cari M. Kitahara, Martha S. Linet, Stephen Balter, Donald L. Miller, Preetha Rajaraman, Elizabeth K. Cahoon, Raquel Velazquez-Kronen, Steven L. Simon, Mark P. Little, Michele M. Doody, Bruce H. Alexander, Dale L. Preston

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Childhood exposure to acute, high-dose radiation has consistently been associated with risk of benign and malignant intracranial tumors of the brain and CNS, but data on risks of adulthood exposure to protracted, low-to-moderate doses of radiation are limited. In a large cohort of radiologic technologists, we quantified the association between protracted, low-to-moderate doses of radiation and malignant intracranial tumor mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The study population included 83,655 female and 26,642 male U.S. radiologic technologists who were certified for at least 2 years as of 1982. The cohort was followed from the completion date of the first or second survey (1983-1989 or 1994-1998) to the date of death, loss to follow-up, or December 31, 2012, whichever was earliest. Occupational brain doses through 1997 were based on work history, historical data, and, for most years after the mid 1970s, individual film badge measurements. Radiation-related excess relative risks (ERRs) and 95% CIs were estimated from Poisson regression models adjusted for attained age and sex. RESULTS. Cumulative mean absorbed brain dose was 12 mGy (range, 0-290 mGy). During follow-up (median, 26.7 years), 193 technologists died of a malignant intracranial neoplasm. Based on models incorporating a 5-year lagged cumulative brain dose, cumulative brain dose was not associated with malignant intracranial tumor mortality (overall ERR per 100 mGy, 0.1; 95% CI, < -0.3 to 1.5). No effect modification was observed by sex or birth cohort. CONCLUSION. In this nationwide cohort of radiologic technologists, cumulative occupational radiation exposure to the brain was not associated with malignant intracranial tumor mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1278-1284
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume208
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Brain cancer
  • Brain tumors
  • Dose
  • Epidemiology
  • Intracranial neoplasm
  • Mortality
  • Occupational exposure
  • Radiation
  • Radiologic technologists

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