Odd triplet pairing in clean superconductor/ferromagnet heterostructures

Klaus Halterman, Paul H. Barsic, Oriol T. Valls

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Abstract

We study triplet pairing correlations in clean ferromagnet (F)/superconductor (S) nanojunctions, via fully self-consistent solution of the Bogoliubova de Gennes equations. We consider FSF trilayers, with S being an s-wave superconductor, and an arbitrary angle α between the magnetizations of the two F layers. We find that contrary to some previous expectations, triplet correlations, odd in time, are induced in both the S and F layers in the clean limit. We investigate their behavior as a function of time, position, and α. The triplet amplitudes are largest at times on the order of the inverse Debye frequency, and at that time scale they are long-ranged in both S and F. The zero temperature condensation energy is found to be lowest when the magnetizations are antiparallel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127002
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume99
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 17 2007

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