Older adults' memory for medical information: Influence of elderspeak and note taking

Lisa C. McGuire, Amber Morian, Robin Codding, Michael A. Smyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we examined techniques to improve older adults' (M = 71.02, SD = 7.37, range = 55-90, N = 169) recall of medical information about osteoarthritis. Specifically, we investigated the influence of style of speech presentation and note taking on older adults' cued-recall, over time. We randomly assigned participants to either the elderspeak or nonelderspeak speech style and the note taking or nonnote taking conditions in this 2 × 2 × 3 mixed subjects design. We assessed retention immediately after presentation of the information stimulus, post, 1-week, and 1-month post. Participants recalled more medical information when presented in elderspeak than nonelderspeak. Note taking improved memory performance significantly overtime if participants observed elderspeak instead of nonelderspeak information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Rehabilitation and Health
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Elderspeak
  • Memory
  • Older adults
  • Osteoarthritis

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