The thermal fields of two Bridgman-like configurations, representative of real systems used in prior experiments for the detached growth of CdTe and Ge crystals, are studied. These detailed heat transfer computations are performed using the CrysMAS code and expand upon our previous analysis [C. Stelian, A. Yeckel, J.J. Derby, Influence of thermal phenomena on crystal reattachment during the dewetted Bridgman growth, J. Cryst. Growth, in press] that posited a new mechanism involving the thermal field and meniscus position to explain stable conditions for dewetted Bridgman growth. Computational results indicate that heat transfer conditions that led to successful detached growth in both of these systems are in accordance with our prior assertion, namely that the prevention of crystal reattachment to the crucible wall requires the avoidance of any undercooling of the melt meniscus during the growth run. Significantly, relatively simple process modifications that promote favorable thermal conditions for detached growth may overcome detrimental factors associated with meniscus shape and crucible wetting. Thus, these ideas may be important to advance the practice of detached growth for many materials.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported in part by the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute and the Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, under Award number DE-FG52-06NA27498, the content of which does not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the United States Government, and no official endorsement should be inferred. C.S. acknowledges support from the Alexander Dubcek Fund, administered by the Office of International Programs of the University of Minnesota. J.J.D. wishes to thank J. Friedrich, T. Jung, and G. Ardelean of the Crystal Growth Laboratory, Fraunhofer IISB, for ongoing collaborations involving CrysMAS.
- A1. Computer simulation
- A1. Heat transfer
- A2. Bridgman technique
- A2. Growth from melt