On the Convergence Between PSY-5 Domains and PID-5 Domains and Facets: Implications for Assessment of DSM-5 Personality Traits

Jaime L. Anderson, Martin Sellbom, R. Michael Bagby, Lena C. Quilty, Carlo O.C. Veltri, Kristian E. Markon, Robert F. Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The DSM-5 Personality and Personality Disorders workgroup and their consultants have developed the 220-item, self-report Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) for direct assessment of the proposed personality trait system for DSM-5; however, most practicing clinical psychologists will likely continue to rely on separate omnibus measures to index symptoms and traits associated with psychopathology. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) is one such measure and assesses the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) domains, which are conceptual cognates of the DSM-5 trait domains. The current study examined the associations between the MMPI-2-RF PSY-5 scales and the DSM-5 trait domains and facets indexed by the PID-5. A clear pattern of convergence was found indicating that each of the PSY-5 scales was most highly correlated with its conceptually expected PID-5 counterpart (rs =.44-.67; Mdn r = .53) and facet correlations generally showed the same pattern. Similarly, when each of the PSY-5 scales was regressed onto the PID-5 domains, the conceptually expected pattern of associations emerged even more clearly. Finally, a joint exploratory factor analysis with the PSY-5 and PID-5 trait facet scales indicated a five-factor solution that clearly resembled both of the PSY-5/DSM-5 trait domains. These results show clear evidence that the MMPI-2-RF has utility in the assessment of dimensional personality traits proposed for the upcoming DSM-5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-294
Number of pages9
JournalAssessment
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • DSM-5
  • MMPI-2-RF
  • personality disorders
  • PSY-5

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