Oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing Videoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy for metastatic melanoma

Benjamin M. Martin, Joanna W. Etra, Maria C. Russell, Monica Rizzo, David A. Kooby, Charles A. Staley, Viraj A. Master, Keith A. Delman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Open inguinal lymphadenectomy for regionally metastatic melanoma is associated with a high wound-related morbidity. Videoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (VIL) is a minimally invasive approach with fewer wound-related complications, yet its adoption has been hindered by a lack of oncologic outcomes data. Study Design Data were prospectively collected on all VILs performed for melanoma from 2008 to 2012 (n = 40) and compared with a retrospective cohort of open superficial inguinal lymphadenectomies from 2005 to 2012 (n = 40). Continuous variables were analyzed with Student's t-test, binomial variables with chi-square, and survival curves using log-rank comparison. Results Median follow-up for patients undergoing VIL was 19.1 months compared with 33.9 months in the open inguinal lymphadenectomy group. There were no statistical differences in demographics (age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, Charlson comorbidity index) or clinicopathologic features (primary site, stage, Breslow depth, ulceration). Lymph node yield was similar (VIL, 12.6; open, 14.2; p = 0.131). Overall recurrence rates were also similar: 27.5% in the VIL group and 30.0% in the open group (p = 0.805). One patient in the VIL group and 2 in the open group suffered recurrence in the nodal basin. Although median survival was not reached in the VIL group, Kaplan-Meier estimates of disease-free survival (p = 0.226) and overall survival (p = 0.308) were similar. In a comprehensive analysis of wound complications including infection, skin necrosis, and seroma, patients undergoing VIL had markedly less morbidity (VIL, 47.5%; open, 80.0%; p = 0.002). Conclusions Videoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy is associated with similar oncologic outcomes and markedly reduced wound complications when compared with open inguinal lymphadenectomy. The minimally invasive procedure may be the preferred method for inguinal lymphadenectomy in melanoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-626
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume218
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

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