One climate or many: Examining the structural distinctiveness of safety, health, and stress prevention climate measures

Gargi Sawhney, Robert R. Sinclair, Adam R. Cox, Alec H. Munc, Michael T. Sliter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study explores the structural distinctiveness of safety, health, and stress prevention climate scales and examines whether these measures predict safety, physical health, and mental health outcomes over time. Methods: We obtained samples of university students, Amazon Mechanical Turk workers, and firefighters to assess the dimensionality of the three climate foci, and provide content, construct, and criterion validity of the three measures. Results: Findings from our study suggest that the constructs of safety, health, and stress prevention climate are psychometrically distinct, as well as demonstrate content, construct, and criterion validity evidence. Conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence for integrating the constructs of safety, health, and stress prevention climate in the TotalWorker HealthTM framework for predicting safety-, health-, and stressrelated outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1015-1025
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Volume60
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was generously funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Education and Research Center Pilot Project Grant Program.

Funding Information:
This research was funded by a pilot project grant from the University of South Florida Sunshine Education and Research Center. Research Center Grant # 2015000093.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Keywords

  • Health climate
  • Safety climate
  • Stress prevention climate
  • Structural distinctiveness
  • Validation

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