Optical and thermodynamic properties of the high-temperature superconductor Hg Ba2 Cu O4+δ

E. Van Heumen, R. Lortz, A. B. Kuzmenko, F. Carbone, D. Van Der Marel, X. Zhao, G. Yu, Y. Cho, N. Barisic, M. Greven, C. C. Homes, S. V. Dordevic

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Abstract

In- and out-of-plane optical spectra and specific heat measurements for the single layer cuprate superconductor Hg Ba2 Cu O4+δ (Hg-1201) at optimal doping (Tc =97 K) are presented. Both the in-plane and out-of-plane superfluid density agree well with a recently proposed scaling relation ρs σdc Tc. It is shown that there is a superconductivity induced increase of the in-plane low frequency spectral weight which follows the trend found in underdoped and optimally doped Bi2 Sr2 Ca Cu2 O8+δ (Bi-2212) and optimally doped Bi2 Sr2 Ca2 Cu3 O10+δ (Bi-2223). We observe an increase of optical spectral weight which corresponds to a change in kinetic energy ΔW≈0.5 meV Cu which is more than enough to explain the condensation energy. The specific heat anomaly is 10 times smaller than in Y Ba2 Cu3 O6+δ (YBCO) and 3 times smaller than in Bi-2212. The shape of the anomaly is similar to the one observed in YBCO showing that the superconducting transition is governed by thermal fluctuations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054522
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 26 2007
Externally publishedYes

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