This work addresses integration of microalgae cultivation with power production for the recovery of flue gas waste heat and CO2. The economics of supplying CO2 to an outdoor open pond for cultivating microalgae are compared for pure CO2 gas and flue gas injection scenarios. Cooling of the flue gas is modeled for direct-contact heat transfer arrangement. The economic advantage of employing waste heat recovery using indirect-contact heating of the open pond water is investigated as well. An optimization problem is formulated to determine the optimal monthly operations of the open pond and heat exchangers under each scenario. The flue gas injection scenario is found to be more economical with an improved annual harvest compared to the pure CO2 gas injection case. Waste heat recovery is shown to slightly increase the annual harvest, but is also uneconomical due to the high capital cost of the heat exchanger.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support from Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and the Petroleum Institute (PI).
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
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- Dynamic modeling
- Microalgae cultivation
- Process optimization
- Waste heat recovery