Optimal pilot waveform assisted modulation for ultrawideband communications

Liuqing Yang, Georgios B. Giannakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


Ultrawideband (UWB) transmissions induce pronounced frequency-selective fading effects in their multipath propagation. Multipath diversity gains can be collected to enhance performance, provided that the underlying channel can be estimated at the receiver. To this end, we develop a novel pilot waveform assisted modulation (PWAM) scheme that is tailored for UWB communications. We select our PWAM parameters by jointly optimizing channel estimation performance and information rate. The resulting transmitter design maximizes the average capacity, which is shown to be equivalent to minimizing the mean-square channel estimation error, and thereby achieves the Cramér-Rao lower bound. Application of PWAM to practical UWB systems is promising because it entails simple integrate-and-dump operations at the frame rate. Equally important, it offers a flexible UWB channel estimator, capable of striking desirable rate-performance tradeoffs depending on the channel coherence time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1236-1249
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors wish to thank Dr. A. Swami of the Army Research Laboratory for his comments on the conference version of this paper. This work was prepared through collaborative participation in the Communications and Networks Consortium sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory under the Collaborative Technology Alliance Program, Cooperative Agreement DAAD19-01-2-0011.


  • Channel estimation
  • Impulse radio
  • Multipath fading channels
  • Time-hopping
  • Transmitted reference (TR)
  • Ultrawideband (UWB) systems

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