Optimization of a U-bend for minimal pressure loss in internal cooling channels - Part I: Numerical method

Tom Verstraete, Filippo Coletti, Jérémy Bulle, Timothée Vanderwielen, Tony Arts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This two-parts paper addresses the design of a U-bend for serpentine internal cooling channels optimized for minimal pressure loss. The total pressure loss for the flow in a U-bend is a critical design parameter as it augments the pressure required at the inlet of the cooling system, resulting in a lower global efficiency. In this first part of the paper the design methodology of the cooling channel is presented. The minimization of the total pressure loss is achieved by means of a numerical optimization method that uses a metamodel assisted differential evolution algorithm in combination with an incompressible Navier-Stokes solver. The profiles of the internal and external side of the bend are parameterized using piecewise Bezier curves. This allows for a wide variety of shapes, respecting the manufacturability constraints of the design. The pressure loss is computed by the Navier-Stokes solver, which is based on a two-equation turbulence model and is available from the open source software OpenFOAM. The numerical method predicts an improvement of 36% in total pressure drop with respect to a circular U-bend, mainly due to the reduction of the separated flow region along the internal side of the bend. The resulting design is subjected to experimental validation, presented in Part II of the paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2011 Turbo Expo
Subtitle of host publicationTurbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
Pages1665-1676
Number of pages12
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
EventASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011 - Vancouver, BC, Canada
Duration: Jun 6 2011Jun 10 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
NumberPARTS A AND B
Volume5

Other

OtherASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, GT2011
CountryCanada
CityVancouver, BC
Period6/6/116/10/11

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