OPTN/SRTR 2011 Annual Data Report: Kidney

A. J. Matas, J. M. Smith, M. A. Skeans, K. E. Lamba, S. K. Gustafsona, C. J. Samana, D. E. Stewart, J. J. Snyder, A. K. Israni, B. L. Kasiske

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203 Scopus citations


A shortage of kidneys for transplant remains a major problem for patients with end-stage renal disease. The number of candidates on the waiting list continues to increase each year, while organ donation numbers remain flat. Thus, transplant rates for adult wait-listed candidates continue to decrease. However, pretransplant mortality rates also show a decreasing trend. Many kidneys recovered for transplant are discarded, and discard rates are increasing. Living donation rates have been essentially unchanged for the past decade, despite introduction of desensitization, non-directed donations, and kidney paired donation programs. For both living and deceased donor recipients, early posttransplant results have shown ongoing improve-ment, driven by decreases in rates of graft failure and return to dialysis. Immunosup-pressive drug use has changed little, except for the Food and Drug Administration approval of belatacept in 2011, the first approval of a maintenance immunosuppressive drug in more than a decade. Pediatric kidney transplant candidates receive priority under the Share 35 policy. The number of pediatric transplants peaked in 2005, and decreased to a low of 760 in 2011. Graft survival and short-term renal function con-tinue to improve for pediatric recipients. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder is an important concern, occurring in about one-third of pediatric recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-46
Number of pages36
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 2013


  • End-stage renal disease
  • Kidney transplant
  • Transplant outcomes
  • Transplant waiting list


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