Oral administration of an easily prepared solution of injectable methotrexate diluted in water: A comparison of serum concentrations vs methotrexate tablets and clinical utility

Peter S. Marshall, Elie Gertner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To investigate whether the injectable formulation of methotrexate (MTX) given as an easily prepared oral solution of MTX diluted in water results in serum concentrations similar to those obtained with MTX tablets; to describe an easy and safe method of dispensing the drug. Methods. Six patients (5 women, 1 man) with rheumatoid arthritis were given 10 mg of liquid MTX orally. The liquid was prepared by diluting 0.4 ml of the injectable formulation of MTX (50 mg/2 ml) in 8 ounces of water. One to 2 weeks later these patients were given 10 mg of MTX in the tablet form. MTX serum concentrations were determined using a fluorescence polarization immunoassay. The area under the concentration vs time curve (AUC), maximum concentration (C(max)), and the lime to reach maximum concentration (t(max)) were determined from the resulting concentration vs time curves. Results. There was no statistical difference in the variables measured (AUC, C(max), t(max)), demonstrating comparable concentrations with these 2 methods of MTX administration. Patients found the medication easy to administer, potential hazards with the use of needles were avoided, and the cost of the drug was greatly decreased. Conclusion. The administration of this easily prepared MTX solution is an alternative to the conventional administration of MTX tablets, and may be of particular benefit in patients with financial limitations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-458
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume23
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 22 1996

Keywords

  • Administration
  • Methotrexate
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

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