Ten cases of oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) in HIV- negative patients are presented. Eight of the 10 patients were on steroid treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 1 patient was on prednisone as part of a therapeutic regimen for gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and 1 patient did not have any history of immunosuppression. There were 5 men and 5 women, ages 32-79, with mean age being 61.8 years. Nine out of 10 lesions were located unilaterally on the tongue, whereas 1 lesion was located at the junction of the hard and soft palate. All lesions were described as painless, corrugated, nonremovable white plaques (leukoplakias). Histologic features were consistent with Epstein-Barr virus-associated hyperkeratosis suggestive of OHL, and confirmatory in situ hybridization was performed in all cases. Candida hyphae and spores were present in 8 cases. Pathologists should be aware of OHL presenting not only in HIV-positive and HIV-negative organ transplant recipients but also in patients receiving steroid treatment, and more important, certain histologic features should raise suspicion for such diagnosis without prior knowledge of immunosuppression.
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- HIV-negative patients
- Oral hairy leukoplakia