Orthostatic myoclonus after brain tumor radiation: Insights from two lesional cases

Jeremy K. Cutsforth-Gregory, Julie E. Hammack, Joseph Y. Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Orthostatic myoclonus (OM) is a recognized syndrome of gait unsteadiness accompanied by lower limb myoclonus provoked by the assumption of an upright posture. OM typically affects the elderly and is often associated with neurodegenerative disease. We sought to review the clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics of OM due to brain tumor treatment, the first reported lesional cases of this rare disorder. Methods The database of the Mayo Clinic Rochester Movement Disorders Laboratory was searched for all patients diagnosed with OM from January 2007 to December 2016. All available clinical, radiographic, and surface electromyographic data were reviewed, and patients with a history of primary or metastatic brain tumor were analyzed. Results Two patients with OM and brain tumor were identified; both had undergone tumor resection and targeted brain radiation. Both patients complained of unsteadiness while walking and recurrent falls. Tumor pathology (atypical meningioma, gliosarcoma) was centered in the frontal lobe and extended to the supplementary motor area (SMA), pre-SMA, or prefrontal cortex. Medications did not improve gait. Conclusion Two cases of brain tumor-related OM suggest that degeneration of frontal motor programming circuits underlies the pathophysiology of OM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-112
Number of pages4
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume41
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Brain radiation
  • Brain tumor
  • Gait unsteadiness
  • Orthostatic myoclonus

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