## Abstract

We model pacemaker effects of an algebraically localized heterogeneity in a 1 dimensional array of oscillators with nonlocal coupling. We assume the oscillators obey simple phase dynamics and that the array is large enough so that it can be approximated by a continuous nonlocal evolution equation. We concentrate on the case of heterogeneities with positive average and show that steady solutions to the nonlocal problem exist. In particular, we show that these heterogeneities act as a wave source. This effect is not possible in 3 dimensional systems, such as the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation, where the wavenumber of weak sources decays at infinity. To obtain our results we use a series of isomorphisms to relate the nonlocal problem to the viscous eikonal equation. We then use Fredholm properties of the Laplace operator in Kondratiev spaces to obtain solutions to the eikonal equation, and by extension to the nonlocal problem.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 2060-2090 |

Number of pages | 31 |

Journal | Journal of Differential Equations |

Volume | 260 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Feb 5 2016 |

### Bibliographical note

Funding Information:GJ and AS acknowledge support by the National Science Foundation through grants DMS-0806614 and DMS-1311740 .

Publisher Copyright:

© 2015 Elsevier Inc.

## Keywords

- Kondratiev spaces
- Nonlocal coupling
- Pacemakers