Theory suggests that parenting affects the development of important psychological and behavioral outcomes. Many studies relate dimensions of parenting style such as demandingness and responsiveness to child outcomes including self-regulation. Few studies, however, relate parenting to self-regulation using Eastern Asian samples. The present study uses the China Family Panel Study (CFPS), a nationally representative Chinese survey, to investigate cross-sectional relations between parenting factors (responsiveness, behavioral control, and perceived responsibility) and child self-regulation, which was reported by both parents and ten-year-old children (N = 485). After controlling for demographics and self-esteem, perceived responsibility and responsiveness related to higher self-regulation in children, as reported by parents and children. Parents’ behavioral control of children was unrelated to self-regulation. Our findings that behavioral control showed nonsignificant relations to self-regulation in Chinese children indicate that parenting theory developed using western samples may generalize poorly to Chinese and other Eastern Asian populations.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Compliance with Ethical Standards The data are from China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), funded by Peking University and National Natural Science Foundation of China and carried out by the Institute of Social Science Survey of Peking University. This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. This is a secondary analysis of a de-identified dataset, so IRB approval was not required for the present analysis.
Acknowledgements The authors thank the Institute of Social Science Survey and Peking University, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China for conducting the data collection and providing this data for analysis. The authors also thank the Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) for disseminating this data for use by researchers.
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- Chinese sample
- Parental behavioral control
- Parental perceived responsibility
- Parental responsiveness