Part-time physicians... prevalent, connected, and satisfied

Hilit F. Mechaber, Rachel B. Levine, Linda Baier Manwell, Marlon P. Mundt, Mark Linzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: The health care workforce is evolving and part-time practice is increasing. The objective of this work is to determine the relationship between part-time status, workplace conditions, and physician outcomes. DESIGN: Minimizing error, maximizing outcome (MEMO) study surveyed generalist physicians and their patients in the upper Midwest and New York City. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Physician survey of stress, burnout, job satisfaction, work control, intent to leave, and organizational climate. Patient survey of satisfaction and trust. Responses compared by part-time and full-time physician status; 2-part regression analyses assessed outcomes associated with part-time status. Of 751 physicians contacted, 422 (56%) participated. Eighteen percent reported part-time status (n=77, 31% of women, 8% of men, p<.001). Part-time physicians reported less burnout (p<.01), higher satisfaction (p<.001), and greater work control (p<.001) than full-time physicians. Intent to leave and assessments of organizational climate were similar between physician groups. A survey of 1,795 patients revealed no significant differences in satisfaction and trust between part-time and full-time physicians. CONCLUSIONS: Part-time is a successful practice style for physicians and their patients. If favorable outcomes influence career choice, an increased demand for part-time practice is likely to occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-303
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: Portions of this paper were presented at Out of Chaos: The Critical Role of Generalists, 28th Society of General Internal Medicine Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, May 11–14, 2005. Funding for this study was provided by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, grant number 5 R01 HS011955.


  • Part-time
  • Physicians
  • Work hours
  • Workplace

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