Aims: We aimed to assess demographic characteristics, comorbidity and hospitalization burdens, laboratory abnormalities, and patterns of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related medication use in a large cohort of patients with CKD stage 4 - 5. Methods: In a retrospective cohort analysis, the Medicare 5% sample and Truven MarketScan employer group health plan databases were used to examine patients aged = 65 and < 65 years, respectively. CKD was determined by = 1 inpatient or = 2 outpatient claims with relevant ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes during the 1-year baseline period. The follow-up period was 1 year from day 91 after the index date. Results: In the Medicare data, 12,930 (1.1%) CKD stage 4 - 5 patients were identified. Mean age was 79.2 ± 7.4 years; 56.1% were women and 83.1% white; 46.8% had atherosclerotic heart disease, and 36.9% congestive heart failure; 37.9% were hospitalized within 1 year. In the MarketScan data, 6,010 (0.04%) patients were identified. Mean age was 55.2 ± 8.8 years; 48.0% were women; 21.4% were hospitalized within 1 year. Heart failure was the leading cause of hospitalization for both groups. Parathyroid hormone levels were > 300 pg/mL for 39.1% of MarketScan patients, but only 20.9% received activated vitamin D. ESAs were administered to 28.2% of MarketScan patients with iron saturation < 30% and to 7.7% with hemoglobin > 11.5% and saturation = 30%. Conclusions: Comorbidity burdens and hospitalization rates were high for patients with advanced, non-dialysisrequiring CKD. While hyperparathyroidism and anemia were common, appropriate medication use was not optimal, suggesting opportunities for improved care.
- Chronic kidney disease
- Medication use