Pediatric Feeding Disorder in Children With Short Bowel Syndrome

Vikram J. Christian, Megan Van Hoorn, Cassandra L.S. Walia, Alan Silverman, Praveen S. Goday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize the prevalence of pediatric feeding disorder (PFD) in short bowel syndrome (SBS) and study factors contributing to the persistence of PFD. METHODS: Single-center retrospective study of patients diagnosed with SBS at age 6 months or younger. Data were collected in 3-month intervals through age 2 years, and every 6 months through age 4 years. Demographic information, anthropometric data, and details regarding nutrition support were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: We reviewed 28 patients. Of the 21 patients who were weaned off parenteral nutrition, 57.1%, 81.0%, 90.5%, and 100.0% achieved this by 12, 24, 36, and 48 months of age, respectively. Of the 13 patients who were weaned off enteral nutrition, 30.8%, 69.2%, 76.9%, and 100.0% achieved this by 12, 24, 36, and 48 months, respectively. DISCUSSION: The prevalence of PFD was 100.0%, 76.5%, 68.8%, and 70.0% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years of age, respectively. All patients who exhibited resolution of PFD had an underlying etiology of necrotizing enterocolitis. Median small bowel percentage remaining was greater in patients who exhibited resolution of PFD compared to those who did not. Except for the group of patients seen at 4 years of age, a larger percentage of patients with vomiting/history of requirement of postpyloric feeds were seen among patients with PFD compared to those without PFD. CONCLUSION: PFD is prevalent in children with SBS. Although prevalence decreases over time, children with PFD will continue to require more medical attention than children that do not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-445
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume72
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 by European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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