Introduction: Pediatric patients with cardiomyopathies are at risk for sudden death and may need implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD's), but given their small size and duration of use, children are at increased risk for complications associated with ICD use. The subcutaneous ICD presents a favorable option for children without pacing indications. Unfortunately, initial pediatric studies have demonstrated a high complication rate, likely due to the 3-incision technique employed. Material and methods: Patients with ICD but no pacing indication were retrospectively reviewed after implantation of subcutaneous ICD via the two-incision technique. In half of the patients, 10-J impedance test was also performed to compare with impedance obtained after defibrillation threshold testing with 65-J. Results: Twelve patients were included. The median age was 14 years (range 10–16 years) with eight males included (72.7%). The median weight was 55 kg (range 29 kg–75.1 kg). Follow-up had a median of 11.5 months (range 2–27 months). The median body mass index was 18.4 kg/m squared (range 15.5–27.9 kg/m squared). One patient suffered a minor complication after tearing off the incisional adhesive strips early and required a non-invasive repair in clinic. Shock impedance had a median of 55 J (range 48–68 J). There was one appropriate shock/charge and no inappropriate shocks during follow-up. Conclusion: The two-incision, intermuscular technique appears to have a lower acute complication rate than prior reports, in our cohort of 12 pediatric patients.
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- Subcutaneous ICD