In this paper we consider general rank minimization problems with rank appearing either in the objective function or as a constraint. We first establish that a class of special rank minimization problems has closed-form solutions. Using this result, we then propose penalty decomposition (PD) methods for general rank minimization problems in which each subproblem is solved by a block coordinate descent method. Under some suitable assumptions, we show that any accumulation point of the sequence generated by the PD methods satisfies the first-order optimality conditions of a nonlinear reformulation of the problems. Finally, we test the performance of our methods by applying them to the matrix completion and nearest low-rank correlation matrix problems. The computational results demonstrate that our methods are generally comparable or superior to the existing methods in terms of solution quality.
- matrix completion
- nearest low-rank correlation matrix
- penalty decomposition methods
- rank minimization