During the past decade there has been an increased awareness of the role peptides play as neuromodulators. In this article we review the available data on peptides as central regulators of food ingestion. We stress the possible problems of non-specific effects. We stress that whereas many peptides decrease feeding after central injection, only two families of peptides have been shown to increase feeding after central injection. These are the opioid family and the pancreatic polypeptide-neuropeptide Y family. The putative role of corticotropin releasing factor as the mediator of norepinephrine and serotonin effects on feeding is discussed.
- Corticotropin releasing factor
- Food intake
- Neuropeptide Y
- Peptide YY