Personality development from age 2 to 33: Stability and change in ego resiliency and ego control and associations with adult adaptation

Moin Syed, Py Liv Eriksson, Ann Frisén, C. Philip Hwang, Michael E. Lamb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the developmental course and implications of the personality metatraits ego resiliency and ego control across the first 3 decades of life. The sample consisted of 139 participants who were assessed 9 times between ages 2 and 33. Participants completed measures of ego resiliency, ego control, Big Five personality traits, identity development, and positive and negative well-being. The findings indicated strong stability of ego resiliency, in terms of both rank-order and mean-level change. Ego control also demonstrated stability over the full time span, but there was greater change in childhood relative to adolescence and adulthood. Ego resiliency and control were associated with adult well-being, but these associations were generally accounted for by the Big Five traits. Finally, there were small relations between ego resiliency and control in childhood and later adult identity development processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-832
Number of pages18
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants from the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare 2014-0265 and Wenner- Gren Foundation 2017-0008. Preparation of this article was supported by a University of Minnesota Grand Challenges Research Grant awarded to Moin Syed. We thank the participants and their families for their contribution to this longitudinal study. Analytic code and supplementary tables are available at https://osf.io/q5pw3/.

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants from the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare 2014-0265 and Wenner-Gren Foundation 2017-0008. Preparation of this article was supported by a University of Minnesota Grand Challenges Research Grant awarded to Moin Syed. We thank the participants and their families for their contribution to this longitudinal study. Analytic code and supplementary tables are available at https://osf.io/q5pw3/.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Psychological Association.

Keywords

  • Ego control
  • Ego resiliency
  • Identity
  • Personality development
  • Personality traits

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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