One option to achieving greater resiliency for barley production in the face of climate change is to explore the potential of winter and facultative growth habits: for both types, low temperature tolerance (LTT) and vernalization sensitivity are key traits. Sensitivity to short-day photoperiod is a desirable attribute for facultative types. In order to broaden our understanding of the genetics of these phenotypes, we mapped quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and identified candidate genes using a genome-wide association studies (GWAS) panel composed of 882 barley accessions that was genotyped with the Illumina 9K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chip. Fifteen loci including 5 known and 10 novel QTL/genes were identified for LTT—assessed as winter survival in 10 field tests and mapped using a GWAS meta-analysis. FR-H1, FR-H2, and FR-H3 were major drivers of LTT, and candidate genes were identified for FR-H3. The principal determinants of vernalization sensitivity were VRN-H1, VRN-H2, and PPD-H1. VRN-H2 deletions conferred insensitive or intermediate sensitivity to vernalization. A subset of accessions with maximum LTT were identified as a resource for allele mining and further characterization. Facultative types comprised a small portion of the GWAS panel but may be useful for developing germplasm with this growth habit.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Support was provided by the USDA-NIFA TCAP Project no. 2011-68002-30029.
© Copyright © 2020 Muñoz-Amatriaín, Hernandez, Herb, Baenziger, Bochard, Capettini, Casas, Cuesta-Marcos, Einfeldt, Fisk, Genty, Helgerson, Herz, Hu, Igartua, Karsai, Nakamura, Sato, Smith, Stockinger, Thomas and Hayes.
- low temperature tolerance
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article