The Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) has a critical role to play in advancing tobacco research globally. To date SRNT has sponsored a number of successful initiatives including meetings held by the society's European affiliate, establishment of the Global Network Committee in 1999, and the 2003 and 2005 global tobacco pre-conferences. The most recent SRNT conference was held for the first time outside of North America and attracted over 900 participants from 50 countries. SRNT also has sponsored workshops, provided member scholarships to researchers from low- and middle-income countries, and partnered with the World Health Organization to host www.treatobacco.net. Although these initiatives are impressive, SRNT can further support global tobacco research by (a) working with other organizations to support global tobacco science and policy (this is especially timely given the recent coming into force of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control), (b) providing more resources including increased funding and access to online journals for those in low- and middle-income countries, (c) increasing the representation of science at world and national tobacco conferences, and (d) expanding the role of the Training Committee to place increased emphasis on mentoring tobacco scientists from low- and middle-income countries. Science will be crucial in addressing the global tobacco pandemic, and SRNT is uniquely positioned to further tobacco science and research capacity on a global basis.