The effect of hepatic enzyme-inducing antiepilepsy drugs (AEDs) on the clinical pharmacokinetics of tiagabine, a new AED, was studied in the steady-state condition. Patients with epilepsy entered this two-day study on a previously stable regimen of one to three enzyme-inducing drugs (phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and/or primidone) and tiagabine · HCl (24, 40, 56, or 80 mg daily). Patients were confined on both days, and serial blood samples were collected. Plasma tiagabine concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography; pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated using noncompartmental methods. Tiagabine pharmacokinetics were linear at all doses, as substantiated by the lack of significant differences among groups for dose-adjusted Cmax, Cmin, and AUC0-6. Some diurnal variation occurred, as evidenced by a statistically significant time effect for dose-adjusted AUC2-6. The effect was small, however, and possibly not clinically relevant. The harmonic mean half-lives of 3.8 to 4.9 h were remarkably constant across dosages and shorter than those of historical control subjects not taking enzyme-inducing AEDs suggesting that epilepsy patients not taking enzyme-inducing AEDs may require lower tiagabine · HCl doses to achieve the plasma levels observed in patients taking these drugs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supportedb y grantsf rom Abbott LaboratoriesN, orth Chicago, Illinois, USA, and Novo NordiskA /S, CopenhagenD,e nmark.
- Diurnal variation
- Enzyme induction