We report the phosphorylation of lens membranes with a cAMP-dependent protein kinase isolated from bovine lenses. The holoenzyme was eluted from DEAE agarose at less than 100 mM NaCl and from gel filtration columns with a relative molecular weight of 180 000. The regulatory subunit was identified with the affinity label 8-azido-[32P]cAMP. Four focusing variants with relative molecular weights of 49 000 were seen on two-dimensional gels. The catalytic subunit was purified approx. 5000-fold and migrated at 42 000 Mr on SDS gels. Based on these observations, the enzyme is classified as a Type I cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Purified lens plasma membranes were incubated with the holoenzyme or its catalytic subunit in the presence of 32P-labeled ATP. Several membrane proteins, including the major lens membrane polypeptide, MP26, were shown to be substrates for the kinase in this reaction. MP26 appears to be the major component of intercellular junctions in the lens. Studies with protease treatments on labeled membranes appeared to localize the phosphorylation sites to the cytoplasmic side of the membrane.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
manuscript, and Charles Louis and Gary Nelsestuen for commenting on the data. This work was supported by grant CA 28548 from the National Cancer Institute. K.R.J. was an NIH predoctoral trainee.
- Lens membrane
- Membrane phosphorylation
- Protein kinase
- cyclic AMP