Plasma fatty acid composition and 6-year incidence of hypertension in middle-aged adults: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

Zhi Jie Zheng, Aaron R. Folsom, Jing Ma, Donna K. Arnett, Paul G. McGovern, John H. Eckfeldt

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69 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association of baseline fatty acid composition in plasma cholesterol esters with 6-year incidence of hypertension was examined in middle-aged Minneapolis participants of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study (1987-1995). Compared with those who were never hypertensive (n = 1,975), incident hypertensives (n = 413) had statistically significantly higher baseline levels of palmitic (16:0) and palmitoieic (16:1n7) acids but lower levels of linoleic (18:2n6) acid and the polyunsaturated/saturated fatty acids ratio (P/S ratio). Among polyunsaturated fatty acids, levels of dihomo-γ-linolenic (20:3n6) and arachidonic (20:4n6) acids were statistically significantly higher in incident hypertensives, compared with normotensives. After adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, waist/hip ratio, smoking status, ethanol intake, education level, physical activity, and baseline systolic blood pressure in separate models, the odds ratio estimates of incident hypertension for an interquartile increment of a fatty acid in cholesterol esters were 1.26 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.05, 1.51) for 16:0, 1.11 (95% CI: 0.96, 1.28) for 16:1n7, 1.01 (95% CI: 0.85, 1.21) for 20:3n6, 1.14 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.27) for 20:5n3, 0.81 (95% CI: 0.68, 0.96) for 18:2n6, and 0.83 (95% CI: 0.70, 0.99) for the P/S ratio. The authors conclude that reduced levels of linoleic acid and the P/S ratio and elevated levels of palmitic and arachidonic acids are associated with a higher risk of hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-500
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume150
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1999

Keywords

  • Fatty acids
  • Hypertension
  • Prospective studies
  • Risk factors

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