Plasmacytoid dendritic cells enhance mortality during lethal influenza infections by eliminating virus-specific CD8 T cells

Ryan A. Langlois, Kevin L. Legge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that the reduction in CD8 T cell immunity observed during high-dose influenza Avirus (IAV) infection is mediated via lymph node (LN) dendritic cells (DCs) that express Fas ligand (FasL) and drive FasL-Fas (DC-T)-induced apoptosis. However, the specific DC subset(s) within the LN and the additional factors required for DC-mediated elimination of IAV-specific CD8 T cells remain unknown. In this paper, we demonstrate that plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs), which downregulate FasL during sublethal, but not lethal, IAV infection, accumulate to greater numbers within the LNs of lethal dose-infected mice. Further our findings show that pDCs from lethal, but not sublethal, dose IAV infections drive elimination of Fas+ CD8 T cells and that this elimination occurs only in the absence of TCR recognition of IAV peptide-MHC class I complexes. Together, these results suggest that pDCs play a heretofore unknown deleterious role during lethal dose IAV infections by limiting the CD8 T cell response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4440-4446
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume184
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2010

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