B. A. Kramek, D. D. Caywood

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This article reviews the classification, etiopathogenesis, and treatment for the various forms of pneumothorax. Traumatic and nontraumatic pneumothoraces are discussed. New theories on the etiology and treatment of primary spontaneous and secondary pneumothorax are mentioned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-300
Number of pages16
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1987

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