Poliomyelomalacia in three dogs that underwent hemilaminectomy for intervertebral disk herniation

Marc Kent, Renee M. Barber, Eric N. Glass, Susan A. Arnold, Katherine F. Bibi, Georgina V. Stewart, Jennifer L. Ruby, Michael Perlini, Simon R. Platt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION 3 dogs were examined because of a sudden onset of signs of pain (1 dog) or paraparesis (2 dogs). CLINICAL FINDINGS Neurologic findings consisted of myelopathy affecting the lumbar intumescence (1 dog) and T3-L3 myelopathy (2 dogs). In all dogs, MRI revealed spinal cord compression caused by L3-4 disk herniation. All dogs underwent routine surgical decompression of the intervertebral disk herniation. During MRI and decompressive surgery, physiologic variables were monitored. Immediately after surgery, all dogs were paraplegic with pelvic limb neurologic dysfunction consistent with myelopathy affecting the L4 through caudal spinal cord segments. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Within 24 hours after surgery, repeated MRI in all dogs revealed hyperintensity in the spinal cord gray matter of the lumbar intumescence on T2-weighted images. In the absence of neurologic improvement, dogs were euthanized at 3, 91, and 34 days after surgery. Postmortem microscopic examination of each dog’s spinal cord at the lumbar intumescence revealed necrosis of the gray matter with relative white matter preservation suggestive of an ischemic injury. CLINICAL RELEVANCE Dramatic neurologic deterioration following decompressive surgery for intervertebral disk herniation in dogs may be associated with the development of poliomyelomalacia secondary to ischemia. In these 3 dogs, ischemia developed despite probable maintenance of normal spinal cord blood flow and perfusion during anesthesia. To exclude other causes, such as compression or hemorrhage, MRI was repeated and revealed hyperintensity of the spinal cord gray matter on T2-weighted images, which microscopically corresponded with ischemic neurons and neuronal loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-405
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume257
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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