Phthalocyanines (PC's) containing heavy metal central atoms have recently been recognized as leading candidates for reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting (OL) applications in the visible spectrum. Strong triplet excited state absorption brought about by a large intersystem crossing rate is responsible for the excellent limiting performance of these molecules. Moreover, devices which maximize the excited state population along the light path will demonstrate maximum limiting efficiency. A non-homogeneous distribution of indium tetra(tert-butyl) phthalocyanine chloride (InClPC) has been shown to be very effective in attenuating 532 nm nanosecond laser pulses. This was accomplished by approximating a hyperbolic distribution of chromophores using discrete elements of fixed dye concentration. Greater OL should be achieved by fabricating materials containing a continuous concentration gradient of chromophore. This paper focuses on issues concerning the preparation of solid polymeric materials that contain such a chromophore gradient. This design is achieved by diffusing chromophore-containing solutions into partially polymerized poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings|
|State||Published - 1997|
|Event||Proceedings of the 1997 MRS Spring Meeting - San Francisco, CA, USA|
Duration: Mar 31 1997 → Apr 2 1997