Some neoplastic cell lines are readily killed when incubated in the presence of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). In an attempt to elucidate this phenomenon, we studied PUFA-driven superoxide (O2-) production by cultured NS-1 cells (murine lymphoid tumor cells). We find: (1) Even in the absence of added PUFA, NS-1 cells generate O2- (i.e., reduce nitroblue tetrazolium). (2) addition of PUFA increases O2- by >50%. (3) Artificial loading of NS-1 cells with liposome encapsulated superoxide dismutase prevents the majority of spontaneous and PUFA-driven NBT reduction. We conclude that PUFA drives O2- generation by tumor cells, that this generation is largely intracellular, and that this phenomenon may help explain toxicity of PUFA for tumor cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1988|