Post-transplantation outcome of patients with hemolytic-uremic syndrome: update

Diane Hébert, Eun Mi Kim, Richard K. Sibley, Michael S. Mauer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The outcome of renal transplantation in patients with hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is variable in reported cases. An update of the previously published series of patients from the University of Minnesota is reported. Seventeen patients with HUS received a renal transplant. Seven patients had recurrent HUS based on strict clinical and histological features and in 4 of these patients grafts were loss from recurrent HUS, with 1 patient losing three successive grafts. Three patients had histological features consistent with HUS but lacked some of the clinical features. Seven patients had no evidence of recurrent HUS post transplantation. The incidence of recurrence of HUS post transplantation in this updated report remains high (7/17 patients). There was no difference in the allografts used (living-related donor grafts were more common in all groups) or in the immunosuppression in the different groups of patients; only 1 patient with recurrent HUS received cyclosporine. The published cases of transplantation in patients with HUS show a variable recurrence rate of 0-25% in different centers with a poor graft outcome in patients with recurrence; a higher incidence of early chronic vascular rejection with decreased graft survival is also reported in patients without recurrence. Patients with HUS post renal transplant are at a variable risk of recurrence of HUS or decreased graft survival, and the factors responsible for this outcome are not known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1991

Keywords

  • Graft survival
  • Hemolytic-uremic syndrome
  • Posttransplantation outcome

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