Background We aimed to review and compare outcomes of patients with and without Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) after elective colorectal operations. Methods Retrospective cohort study of patients with CDI after elective colon and rectal operations from 2007 to 2012 (Group A) was conducted. Outcomes were compared with patients with a negative C. difficile toxin assay performed for postoperative diarrhea or high stoma output (Group B) and matched controls (Group C). Results Forty-four patients (median age 53 years) developed CDI postoperatively (Group A). Fourteen patients (32%) had surgical site infections. Both Group A and Group B patients received ertapenem as preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis significantly more often than matched controls (P <.0001), and also had significantly more surgical site infections (P =.004), longer hospital stays (P =.003), and more readmissions (P =.02) compared with Group C patients. Conclusions In this study, postoperative CDI was uncommon, of low morbidity, and no mortality. Postoperative diarrhea and high stoma output, whether in patients who are C. difficile positive or not, appear to impact postoperative outcomes.
- Clostridium difficile
- High stoma output