Potent Inhibitors of Human Inosine Monophosphate Dehydrogenase Type II. Fluorine-Substituted Analogues of Thiazole-4-carboxamide Adenine Dinucleotide

Andrzej Zatorski, Barry M. Goldstein, Thomas D. Colby, Krzysztof Pankiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three analogues of thiazole-4-carboxamide adenine dinucleotide (TAD) (1-3) containing a fluorine atom at the C2′ of the adenine nucleoside (in the ribo and arabino configuration) and at the C3′ (in the ribo configuration) were synthesized in high yield from the corresponding 5′-monophosphates of 2′-deoxy-2′-fluoroadenosine (9), 9-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-β-d-arabinofuranosyl)-adenine (17), and 3′-deoxy-3′-fluoroadenosine (14), respectively. Pure 2′,3′-O-isopropylidenetiazofurin 5′-phosphorimidazolide (8) was obtained by phosphorylation of the protected tiazofurin followed by treatment with carbonyldiimidazole and HPLC purification. Reaction of 8 with 9 in DMF-d7 (monitored by 1H and 31P NMR) afforded the desired dinucleotide 12, which after deisopropylidenation gave 1 in 82% yield. Small amounts of symmetrical dinucleotides AppA (10, 7.2%) and TRppTR (11, 8.0%) were also isolated during HPLC purification of the major product 12. In a similar manner, compounds 2 and 3 were obtained by coupling of 8 with 14 and 17 in 80% and 76% yield, respectively. All newly prepared fluoro-substituted compounds as well as β-CF2-TAD, earlier synthesized by us, showed good inhibitory activity against inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase type II, the isozyme which is predominant in neoplastic cells. Binding of 1 (Kis = 0.5 μM), 2 (Kis = 0.7 μM), and 3 (Kis = 2.9 μM) was comparable to that of TAD (Ki = 0.2 μM). The difluoromethylene bisphosphonate analogue, β-CF2-TAD (Ki = 0.17 μM), was found to be equally effective as the best cofactor-type inhibitor, β-CH2-TAD (Ki = 0.11 μM). Interestingly, the level of inhibition of horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase by these compounds was found to be much lower (0.1 mM for 1 and 2 and no inhibition up to 10 mM for 3). These findings show that inhibition of tumor-induced inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase type II is selective and may be of therapeutic interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1098-1105
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of medicinal chemistry
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1995

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Potent Inhibitors of Human Inosine Monophosphate Dehydrogenase Type II. Fluorine-Substituted Analogues of Thiazole-4-carboxamide Adenine Dinucleotide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this