A study was undertaken to investigate the suitability of using a high affinity (Kd = 1.1 nM) anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody for delivering the high energy β-particle emitting isotope 90Y to lymphohematopoietic target cells in vivo. The antibody, AHN-12, recognized the tyrosine phosphatase CD45 expressed on the surface of normal and malignant hematopoietic cells and studies showed that it reacted with both CD45-expressing normal peripheral blood cells and leukemia cells from patients. The antibody was readily labeled with 90Y using the highly stable chelate 1B4M-DTPA and the radioimmunoconjugate was designated 90Y-anti-CD45. The agent selectively bound to CD45+ B cell line Daudi, but not CD45- control cells and significantly (p = 0.007) more bound to Daudi tumors growing in athymic nude mice than did a control non-reactive antibody. Moreover, biodistribution data correlated well to an anti-Daudi effect observed against established tumors in nude mice. The effect was dose dependent and irreversible with the best results in mice receiving a single dose of 137 μCi 90Y-anti-CD45. These mice displayed a significantly (p < 0.0095) better anti-tumor effect than a control 90Y-labeled antibody and survived over 135 days with no evidence of tumor. Histology studies showed no significant injury to kidney, liver, or small intestine even at 254 μCi, the highest dose tested. Because radiolabeled anti-CD45 antibody can be used to deliver radiation selectively to lymphohematopoietic tissue, these data indicate that this agent may be used to improve treatment of hematopoietic malignancies, particularly leukemia and lymphoma, when combined with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in a future clinical trial.
- Bone marrow transplantation
- Nude mice