Predicting and exploring network components involved in pathogenesis in the malaria parasite via novel subnetwork alignments

Hong Cai, Timothy G. Lilburn, Changjin Hong, Jianying Gu, Rui Kuang, Yufeng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Malaria is a major health threat, affecting over 40% of the world's population. The latest report released by the World Health Organization estimated about 207 million cases of malaria infection, and about 627,000 deaths in 2012 alone. During the past decade, new therapeutic targets have been identified and are at various stages of characterization, thanks to the emerging omics-based technologies. However, the mechanism of malaria pathogenesis remains largely unknown. In this paper, we employ a novel neighborhood subnetwork alignment approach to identify network components that are potentially involved in pathogenesis. Results: Our module-based subnetwork alignment approach identified 24 functional homologs of pathogenesis-related proteins in the malaria parasite P. falciparum, using the protein-protein interaction networks in Escherichia coli as references. Eighteen out of these 24 proteins are associated with 418 other proteins that are related to DNA replication, transcriptional regulation, translation, signaling, metabolism, cell cycle regulation, as well as cytoadherence and entry to the host. Conclusions: The subnetwork alignments and subsequent protein-protein association network mining predicted a group of malarial proteins that may be involved in parasite development and parasite-host interaction, opening a new systems-level view of parasite pathogenesis and virulence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberS1
JournalBMC Systems Biology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 11 2015

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© 2015 Cai et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


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