Predicting collision efficiencies of colloidal nanoparticles in single spherical and fibrous collectors using an individual particle tracking method

Handol Lee, Seong Chan Kim, Sheng Chieh Chen, Doris Segets, David Y.H. Pui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate the deposition of colloids onto granular and fibrous collectors by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. In particular the collision efficiency under unfavorable conditions, i.e., like-charged surfaces, was in focus. Particle trajectories were analyzed in a Lagrangian reference frame using a discrete phase model (DPM). By user-defined functions (UDFs) we incorporated interception as important deposition mechanism and calculated interaction energies between particle and collector surfaces utilizing the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (xDLVO) theory. Adhesive and hydrodynamic torques acting on deposited particles were compared through the developed UDFs to consider particle detachment. Within each DPM process, all abovementioned calculations on every particle are performed continuously, allowing to understand particle deposition under different physico-chemical conditions. Simulated data on collision efficiencies for the granular collector were in good agreement with theory and experiments. Simulations for the fibrous collector showed that with increasing fluid velocity the hydrodynamic torque acting on particles attached to smaller fibers was increased. This enhanced the detachment and significantly lowered the collision efficiency, especially for larger particles. In conclusion, the developed CFD methods for predicting the collision efficiency on granular and fibrous collectors provide a powerful tool for examining the deposition behaviors of colloidal particles in porous media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-213
Number of pages12
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume222
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank the support of members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3M Corporation, A.O. Smith Company, Applied Materials, Inc., BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co., China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc., Donaldson Company, Inc., Entegris, Inc., Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co., Ltd, LG Electronics Inc., Mott Corporation, MSP Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co., Ltd., Shigematsu Works Co., Ltd., TSI Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). D.S. would like to acknowledge financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ( DFG ) within the Cluster of Excellence “Engineering of Advanced Materials”(project EXC 315 ) (Bridge Funding).

Funding Information:
The authors thank the support of members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3M Corporation, A.O. Smith Company, Applied Materials, Inc. BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co. China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc. Donaldson Company, Inc. Entegris, Inc. Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co. Ltd, LG Electronics Inc. Mott Corporation, MSP Corporation, Parker Hannifin, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co. Ltd. Shigematsu Works Co. Ltd. TSI Inc. W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). D.S. would like to acknowledge financial support by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) within the Cluster of Excellence “Engineering of Advanced Materials”(project EXC 315) (Bridge Funding).

Keywords

  • Collision efficiency
  • DLVO theory
  • Hydrodynamic drag torque
  • Single fiber efficiency
  • Single sphere efficiency

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