Predictors of appropriate therapy in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death

Imdad Ahmed, William B. Nelson, Chad M. House, Dennis W Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate redictors of appropriate therapy in patients ith implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. A retrospective cohort of 321 patients with systolic heart failure undergoing ICD placement for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death was queried with a mean follow-up period of 2.6 years. Appropriate ICD therapy was defined as therapy delivered for termination of a ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Appropriate ICD therapy was delivered in 142 (44%) of the patients. In a multivariate model, body mass index ≥28.8 kg/m2, chronic kidney disease, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤20% and metabolic syndrome were found to be independent predictors of appropriate ICD therapy. Appropriate ICD therapy was associated with higher cardiovascular mortality. These findings show the importance of identification of risk factors, especially metabolic syndrome, in patients following ICD implantation as aggressive treatment of these co-morbidities may decrease appropriate ICD therapy and ardiovascular mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-19
Number of pages4
JournalHeart International
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • ICD therapy
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Systolic heart failure

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