Reported here are findings from a randomized community intervention trial that followed 90 recovering alcoholic smokers for 6 months. Because the brief (10-min) study intervention had no effect on tobacco use, intervention and control participants were pooled to identify predictors of attempts to quit smoking that may inform clinical practice. During the first 6 months after discharge from residential alcohol treatment, 31% of all participants reported having quit smoking for 48 hrs or longer. Demographic and drug use history variables did not predict quit attempts, but two baseline tobacco use variables did, specifically the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence and stage of readiness to quit smoking, p < .01. Participants with high or very high nicotine dependence scores were significantly less likely than those with moderate or low scores to attempt smoking cessation. Compared to those in precontemplation at baseline, those in the preparation stage of readiness to change were about 12 times more likely to make a serious quit attempt.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research funding provided by NIH AA09233 U.R.B., Principal Investigator). The authors thank James R. Anderson, Neva Burroughs, Malcolm Heard, Gennus Miller, and Karen Svoboda-Russell for their assistance with the design and conduct of the research.