[The authors] studied wildlife use and possible landscape implications of hybrid poplar plantation development. Birds and small mammals were sampled on hybrid poplar plantations and on adjacent lands including row crops, forests, shrubland, and oldfields at eight sites in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and South Dakota during 1992. Birds were sampled eight times from May to November using line-transects. Small mammals were sampled by snap-trapping during May-June and August-September. Bird use of plantations was highest relative to the surrounding landscape in areas with the highest proportion of row crops, especially in South Dakota. Bird use of plantations was lowest when surrounded primarily by forest. Birds using the plantations were primarily those associated with edge habitats, shrub, and early-successional vegetation. Values for several measures of small mammal diversity and abundance were significantly higher in surrounding forests and shrublands than on plantations. None of these values differed between plantations and row crop lands. A high proportion of captures on plantations were in locations where cover had developed, and on the edges of plantations bordering wildlands (as opposed to agricultural edges). There were no consistent differences in body mass or breeding activity between small mammals on plantations and on other land types.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||2|
|Specialist publication||NCASI Technical Bulletin|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1999|