Background: The relation between malnutrition and pulmonary death in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) has resulted in intensive nutritional intervention over the last few decades, leading to a significant decline in underweight and the emergence of overweight/obesity as a potential new problem. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional database analysis of 484 adults with CF seen at the University of Minnesota CF Center between January 2015-January 2017, to determine the prevalence and pulmonary/cardiovascular risk factors associated with overweight and obesity in this population. Results: Mean age was 35.2 ± 11.6 years. 5.2% were underweight (BMI<18.5 kg/m2), 62.6% normal weight (BMI ≥ 18.5–24.9 kg/m2), 25.6% overweight (BMI ≥ 25–29.9 kg/m2) and 6.6% obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). In the subgroup with severe genotypes, 25% had BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. In the entire cohort, overweight/obese were likely to be older (OR = 1.04, p < 0.0001) and to have a mild CFTR genotype (OR = 3.33, p = 0.0003) and modestly elevated triglyceride levels (OR = 1.008, p < 0.0001). The prevalence of hypertension was higher in overweight (25%) and obese (31%) than normal (17%) or underweight (16%), p = 0.01. Total cholesterol levels were higher in overweight/obese versus normal/underweight (144–147 vs 123–131 mg/dL, p = 0.04) as were LDL levels (70–71 vs 53–60 mg/dL, p = 0.02), but all were within the normal range. Percent predicted FEV1 was higher in overweight/obese (78–81%) versus underweight (59%) and normal (70%), p < 0.0001, and overweight/obese experienced significantly fewer acute pulmonary exacerbations. Conclusions: Overweight/obesity is common in adults with CF including those with severe genotypes. Lung function is better in the overweight/obese and lipid levels are within the normal range, albeit higher than in normal/underweight.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank Ms. Catherine Moen from Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota for her assistance on database retrieval and technical support. A. Moheet has grant support by Cystic Fibrosis Foundation through the ?MOHEET16GE0-EnVision CF: Emerging Leaders in CF Endocrinology Program?.
T. Harindhanavudhi, A. Moheet, A. Moran and Q. Wang have no competing interests. J. Dunitz has received grants from Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc, Hillrom, Proteostasis Therapeutics, Inc, and Cystic Fibrosis Foundation independent from the submitted work.
A. Moheet has grant support by Cystic Fibrosis Foundation through the “ MOHEET16GE0 -EnVision CF: Emerging Leaders in CF Endocrinology Program”.
© 2019 European Cystic Fibrosis Society
- Cystic Fibrosis
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't