Prevalence and oral health-related quality of life of self-reported orofacial conditions in Sweden

I. Oghli, T. List, M. John, P. Larsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objectives: To (i) determine the prevalences of self-report in a Swedish adult population, of temporomandibular disorders, burning mouth syndrome, dry mouth, and bad breath and (ii) determine oral health-related quality-of-life impairment in subjects reporting these conditions. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional, randomized sample of the adult Swedish population (response rate: 46%, N = 1309 subjects) self-reported their condition from the preceding month to assess prevalences of self-report for the studied conditions together with comorbidity group of subjects who reported more than one condition. The 49-item Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) used to assess oral health-related quality of life. Results: The most prevalent condition was bad breath (39%), followed by dry mouth (22%), temporomandibular disorders (18%) and burning mouth syndrome (4%). High comorbidity of conditions occurred in 27% of the population. Quality-of-life impairment increased with the number of comorbid conditions. Among individual conditions, burning mouth syndrome and temporomandibular disorders (57% and 40% OHIP points) presented higher impairment than dry mouth and bad breath (32% and 26% OHIP points). Conclusions: Orofacial conditions were common and often coexist. The comorbidity group experienced the highest impact on oral health-related quality of life: the more the comorbid conditions, the greater the negative impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-240
Number of pages8
JournalOral Diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Gail Conrod for editing the text. The support from the Research Council of Public Dental Services in ?sterg?tland County, Faculty of Odontology, Malm? University, and Forskningsr?det i Syd?stra Sverige (FORSS), Sweden, is acknowledged. Ibrahim Oghli holds a PhD position at Malm? University, Sweden, supported by a scholarship from Taibah University, Saudi Arabia.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd


  • diseases
  • orofacial pain
  • pain
  • public health
  • quality of life

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