Purpose: Primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is a highly curable subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is diagnosed predominantly in adolescents and young adults. Consequently, long-term treatment-related morbidity is critical to consider when devising treatment strategies that include different chemoimmunotherapy strategies with or without radiation therapy. Furthermore, adaptive approaches using the end-of-chemotherapy (EOC) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) scanning may help to determine which patients may benefit from additional therapies. We aimed to develop evidence-based guidelines for treating these patients. Methods and Materials: We conducted a systematic review in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline using the PubMed database. The ARS expert committee, composed of radiation oncologists, hematologists, and pediatric oncologists, developed consensus guidelines using the modified Delphi framework. Results: Nine studies met the full criteria for inclusion based on reporting outcomes on patients with primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma with EOC PET/CT response scored with the 5-point Deauville scale. These studies formed the evidence for these guidelines in managing patients with PMBCL according to the EOC PET response, including after a 5-point Deauville scale of 1 to 3, 4, or 5, and for patients with relapsed and refractory disease. The expert group also developed guidance on radiation simulation, treatment planning, and plan evaluation based on expert opinion. Conclusions: Various treatment approaches exist in the management of PMBCL, including different chemoimmunotherapy regimens, the use of consolidative radiation therapy, and adaptive approaches based on EOC PET/CT response. These guidelines can be used by practitioners to provide appropriate treatment according to different disease scenarios.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Christopher Stich for editorial assistance.
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.