Primary pediatric deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients outcomes by immunosuppression induction received in the United States

Samy Riad, Scott Jackson, Srinath Chinnakotla, Priya Verghese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: We studied the association of induction immunosuppression and pediatric deceased-donor kidney recipient and graft survival. Methods: We utilized the SRTR to evaluate all primary pediatric deceased-donor kidney transplants from January 1st, 2000, through December 2018. We included only recipients who were maintained on tacrolimus and mycophenolate. Recipients were grouped by induction type: alemtuzumab n = 320, r-ATG n = 2091 and IL-2RA n = 2165. Recipient and allograft survival, and their predictors, were examined. Models were adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, HLA-antigen mismatches, transplant year, steroid maintenance, pre-emptive transplantation and payor type, with the transplant center included as a random effect. Results: Rejection rates at 6 months (alemtuzumab 8.6% vs r-ATG 7.8% vs IL2-RA 9.2%; P =.30) and 12 months (alemtuzumab 17.2% vs r-ATG 15.7% vs IL2-RA 16.5%; P =.70) were not significantly different between induction groups. In the multivariable models, compared to IL-2RA neither alemtuzumab nor r-ATG was associated with improved recipient [alemtuzumab (HR 1.06, P =.88); r-ATG (HR 1.03, P =.84)] or graft survival [alemtuzumab (HR 1.18, P =.32); r-ATG (HR 1.10, P =.21)]. Conclusion: In this large cohort of standard immunological risk primary pediatric deceased-donor kidney recipients on tacrolimus and mycophenolate maintenance, depletional induction regimens were not associated with better rejection rates, recipient, or graft survival compared to IL-2RA induction. Racial, payor type, and sex-related outcome disparities were significant in this group independent of the induction choice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatric transplantation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • deceased donor
  • induction
  • kidney transplant
  • pediatric

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Primary pediatric deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients outcomes by immunosuppression induction received in the United States'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this