Short-bowel syndrome is characterized by maldigestion, malabsorption, dehydration, electrolyte abnor-malities, and both macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies. Nutritional and hydration status are difficult to maintain without the provision of specialized nutrition support when more than 75% of the small intestine has been resected. Each patient's response to small-bowel resection is unique; therefore, the type of therapy must be tailored to each individual's bowel resection, complications that ensue, and specific nutrient needs. Clinical management should be guided by principles of nutrition assessment and treatment of nutrient deficiencies as well as routine monitoring of the patient's clinical course and response to therapy.
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