Prior exercise and postprandial incretin responses in lean and obese individuals

Timothy D. Heden, Ying Liu, Monica L. Kearney, Youngmin Park, Kevin C. Dellsperger, Tom R. Thomas, Jill A. Kanaley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) help regulate postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) and insulin concentrations, but the effects of acute aerobic exercise on GLP-1 or GIP responses are unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine whether reductions in postprandial TAG and insulin with exercise are associated with GLP-1 and GIP responses. METHODS: Thirteen normal-weight (NW) and 13 obese (Ob) individuals participated in two, 4-d trials in random order including an exercise (EX) and a no exercise (NoEX) trial. Diet was controlled during both trials. The EX trial consisted of 1 h of treadmill walking (55%-60% of V̇O2peak) during the evening of day 3 of the trial, 12 h before a 4-h mixed meal test on day 4, during which frequent blood samples were collected to assess postprandial lipemia, glycemia, insulin, C-peptide, GIP, and GLP-1 responses. Insulin secretion was estimated using the insulinogenic index, and insulin clearance was estimated using the ratio of insulin to C-peptide. RESULTS: Postprandial TAG were 29% lower after EX in Ob individuals (P < 0.05) but were not significantly altered in NW individuals (P > 0.05). The drop in postprandial HDL cholesterol was attenuated with EX in Ob individuals (P < 0.05). Insulin responses were 14% lower after EX in Ob individuals (P < 0.05), and this was associated with reduced insulin secretion (P < 0.05), with no change in insulin clearance (P > 0.05). Glucose, C-peptide, GIP, and GLP-1 were not different between trials. CONCLUSION: A 1-h bout of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise the night before a mixed meal attenuates TAG and insulin responses in Ob but not NW individuals, an effect not associated with altered GLP-1 or GIP responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1897-1905
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glucagon-like peptide 1
  • Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide
  • Insulin
  • Lipemia
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity

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